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Usefull Websites

Seed Companies

  • Royston-Petrie Seeds P.O. Box 1152 Ph: (61) 2 6372 7800
  • Cornucopia Seed Cornucopia Seeds and Plants Ph (03) 5457 1230
  • Select Organic M.S 905, Lower Beechmont 4211 Organic Seeds
  • GreenHarvest 52 Crystal Waters, M.S. 16, MALENY 4552 Ph: (07) 5494 4676
  • Greenpatch PO Box 1285, TAREE, NSW 2430 (02) 6551 4240
  • The Italian Gardener Allsun Farm, PO Box 8050, Gundaroo, New South Wales, 2620 (02) 6236 8173 Italian vegetable seeds
  • Kings Seeds PO Box 2785, Bundaberg, QLD 4670, Australia Tel: 07 4159 4882
  • Phoenix Seeds PO Box 207 , Snug, TAS, Australia 03) 6267 9663 Only postal Very unusual seeds
  • Diggers Fantastic company become a member and help them in their work, they have two sites, St Erith (nr Daylesford) and Heronswood (Mornington Peninsula) and when you become a member you get sent out a free magazine / newsletter
  • Eden Seed M.S. 905, Lower Beechmont 4211 (07) 5533 1107 Lots of information botanical and taste
  • The Lost Seed The Lost Seed PO Box 321 SHEFFIELD TAS 7306 ph: 03 6491 1000 Has a selection of very rare vegetables, and a great free download of sow what when chart

Friday, February 19, 2010

Growing Vegetables from Seed

Growing Vegetables from Seed

• Growing vegetables from seed is fast and cost effective, one packet of seeds can contain up to 200 seeds and cost as little as $4

Germination of a Seed
Germination is the beginning of growth of a seed. The seed must have the right level of warmth and moisture to begin to germinate. First, the seed leaves absorb moisture which allows the food reserves to become available to the new plant. It can then produce a root so that it can find its own water, followed by a shoot which develops from the plumule, which will allow it to absorb light. The plant needs both water and light to grow.
Sometimes, the seed leaves, or cotyledons, remain below the surface of the soil, as in germination of a Pea, below. This is called Hypogeal Germination.

In some species, the seed leaves remain on the new shoot and are brought above the ground, as in germination of the Ash tree, below. This is called Epigeal Germination.


Germination requirements

• Water to re-hydrate the seed and for the growing seedling. The seed compost needs to be moisture retentive
• Oxygen is required by the seed for respiration (breathing) The seed compost must be well aerated and well drained
• Warmth is required different seeds require different temperatures, tomatoes for instance require 20+ to germinate, most good seed companies will provide germination temperatures
• Dormancy needs to be broken this can be called ‘stratification’, some seed needs to be pre soaked or scarified to break dormancy


• Seed raising compost
• Containers
Squat pot or modules, some seed such as tomatoes can be sown direct

• Tools

Labels and pens
Fine watering spray

• Growing environment
Cold frame, glasshouse or mini green house, i.e. seed raising kit

Sowing seed in containers
• Fill container evenly with compost
• Make level by tapping or striking off
• Firming
• Sowing either one seed per container or evenly broadcast over tray
• Cover with sieved mixture normally to the depth depends on the size of the seed
• Watering-gently with a fine spray
• Label-name, origin , date
• Environment-cover with glass or put in mini propagating case

Seedling Diseases

• Damping off
Caused by bad hygiene make sure all pots are washed with beach

Seedling Pest

• Mice
• Slugs

Sowing Direct

• Level
• Friable
• Moisture retentive
• Well drained and aerated
• pH 6.5-7.5

Making a seed bed

• Weed
• Cultivate
• Firming
• Levelling
• Fertilising
• Broadcasting
When seed is sown scattered over a site
• Sowing in drills
Sowing in lines
Make a furrow with a hoe
Seed can be mixed with sand to ensure even spacing
Rake back soil and water
Row should be labelled with date
Soil depth depends on the size of the seed
After Care

• Labelling
• Thin seedlings
• Weed control
• Irrigation
• Shading